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Article 1: Understanding Pip Value in Forex Trading

Pip value, an essential concept in forex trading, plays a crucial role in determining profits and losses. To grasp the significance of pip value and how it varies across different currency pairs, traders must understand its calculation and implications. In this article, we’ll delve into the world of pip value, breaking down its components and providing practical examples for clarity.

What Is a Pip Value?

A pip, short for “percentage in point” or “price interest point,” represents the smallest price movement in the exchange rate of a currency pair. It is typically the last decimal place of a currency quote. For most currency pairs, one pip is equivalent to 0.0001, except for currency pairs involving the Japanese yen, where one pip is 0.01 due to their higher exchange rate.

However, knowing what a pip is doesn’t provide the full picture. To determine the value of one pip in monetary terms, you need to consider two critical factors: lot size and the quote currency pair.

Lot Size

In the forex market, trades are conducted in various lot sizes, each representing a different quantity of the base currency. Here’s a breakdown of the pip value for different lot sizes by default in USD:

  • 1 standard lot (100,000 units) = $10 per pip
  • 1 mini lot (10,000 units) = $1 per pip
  • 1 micro lot (1,000 units) = $0.1 per pip

For example, if you trade 5 standard lots, the pip value is $50 per pip. Similarly, trading 2.5 mini lots would result in a pip value of $2.5 per pip, and trading 7 micro lots would yield a pip value of $0.7 per pip.

Quote Currency

The second critical factor in determining pip value is the quote currency. The quote currency is the second currency listed in a currency pair. For instance, in the EUR/USD pair, the euro (EUR) is the base currency, and the US dollar (USD) is the quote currency.

The default pip value calculations mentioned earlier are valid when the quote currency is in USD. However, when the quote currency differs from the USD, adjustments are necessary.

Calculating Pip Value in a Different Account Currency

To calculate the pip value in a different account currency, you need to consider three key elements:

  1. The lot size.
  2. The quote currency.
  3. The exchange rate between the quote currency and your account currency.

Let’s walk through an example to illustrate this calculation:


Suppose you bought 1 standard lot of EUR/USD, and your trading account is denominated in Singapore dollars (SGD). The current exchange rate for USD/SGD is 1.3000.

Here’s how you calculate the pip value in Singapore dollars:

  • One standard lot of EUR/USD has a pip value of $10 per pip.
  • Convert $10 into Singapore dollars using the exchange rate: $10 × 1.3000 = SGD 13.

So, when you buy 1 standard lot of EUR/USD in an account denominated in SGD, the pip value is SGD 13 per pip.

By applying this method, traders can determine the pip value in their account currency for any currency pair, regardless of whether the quote currency is the USD or any other currency.


Understanding pip value is fundamental for successful forex trading. It allows traders to assess potential gains or losses accurately. By considering both lot size and the quote currency, traders can calculate pip value in their account currency, facilitating precise risk management and trade planning.

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