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HomeHealth NewsSymptoms of High Cortisol Levels in Females

Symptoms of High Cortisol Levels in Females

Symptoms of High Cortisol Levels in Females: The endocrine glands above the kidneys called the adrenal glands, create and release the steroid hormone cortisol. Your body’s reaction to stress is mainly regulated by cortisol, which impacts multiple bodily functions. The glucocorticoid hormone cortisol is produced and released by your adrenal glands.

Hormones are compounds that communicate with your organs, skin, muscles, and other tissues through your bloodstream to regulate various bodily activities. Your body receives these messages and knows what to do and when.

One class of steroid hormones is the glucocorticoid. They regulate metabolism in your muscles, fat, liver, and bones and reduce inflammation in your body’s tissues. Moreover, glucocorticoids influence sleep-wake cycles. The little, triangular glands atop your two kidneys are called suprarenal or adrenal glands. They belong in the endocrine system of your body.

What is Cortisol? 

Cortisol is an important hormone that impacts practically all of your body’s tissues and organs. It involves numerous vital functions, including regulating your body’s response to stress, controlling how it uses fats, proteins, and carbs, or your metabolism, suppressing inflammation, controlling blood pressure, controlling blood sugar, and regulating your sleep-wake cycle.

Your body keeps an eye on your cortisol levels all the time to keep them stable (homeostasis). Your health may suffer if your cortisol levels are higher or lower than usual. Many people refer to cortisol as the “stress hormone.” However, in addition to controlling your body’s stress response, it also performs a variety of vital roles throughout your entire body.

It’s also critical to keep in mind that, in terms of biology, stress comes in many forms, such as:

Acute stress: The acute stress strikes suddenly and intensely in a brief time, which is known as acute stress. Situations like narrowly missing an automobile accident or being pursued by an animal can lead to severe anxiety.

Chronic stress: Persistent events that give you tension or irritation can lead to chronic stress, also known as long-term stress. Chronic stress might be brought on, for instance, by a chronic illness or a challenging or demanding job.

Traumatic stress: This is the state that results from encountering a potentially fatal situation that makes you feel afraid and powerless. Traumatic stress can be brought on by, among other things, witnessing a violent conflict or an extreme meteorological occurrence like a tornado. These experiences may occasionally result in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

How can I reduce my cortisol levels naturally?

Chronic stress can lead to several health problems, including headaches, memory loss, brain fog, digestive issues, weakened immune systems, weight gain, insomnia, pre-diabetes, and increased anxiety or depression. Cortisol regulates blood pressure, glucose, body metabolism, weight, and appetite.

There are ways to fix the cortisol levels naturally-

1) Consume a plant-based, whole-food diet

A poor diet consisting of processed foods and added sugars will increase cortisol levels and increase your risk of developing diabetes and high blood pressure. As fiber helps to balance gut bacteria, which in turn helps to regulate hormones, be sure you’re consuming enough of it (fruits and vegetables are beautiful sources). Diet is incredibly essential.

2) Add supplements if necessary

A well-balanced diet should not be substituted for supplements and should be under a doctor’s care. However, if suggested, the most significant mineral we utilize in our therapeutic practice is magnesium, which aids with cortisol regulation. The cortisol metabolism can also be supported by vitamin C, folic acid, and vitamin B12.

3) Cut back on the amount of caffeine you consume

Adrenal fatigue is a term used to describe the condition that chronic stressors may have when their cortisol levels are completely out of control. They become so exhausted that they frequently turn to coffee for the day. Once the caffeine wears off, a vicious cycle is created. Caffeine can increase cortisol levels but doesn’t address the underlying hormone balance issue.

4) Take a few deep breaths

The advantages of performing deep breathing exercise three to five times a day for at least five minutes have been shown by several studies. Studies indicate that it can alleviate anxiety and depression, reduce cortisol levels, and enhance cognition. Use a deep breathing tool such as Calm or Insight Timer to start.

5) Make sure you get enough rest

We require seven or eight hours of sleep per night to enable the body to recuperate. Despite being so crucial, it frequently needs to be addressed due to our hectic schedules.

6) Engage in regular exercise

It would help if you push yourself to the point where you can exercise and converse, but singing and walking your dog doesn’t count. You should start exercising twenty to thirty minutes every day.

7) Take up a hobby

Engaging in enjoyable activities such as gardening, creating, drawing, or playing an instrument can provide a beneficial diversion from stressful events and thoughts.

8) Keep a journal and write in it

Sometimes, it helps to put ideas down on paper. Reliving good memories is an option, and clearing complex thoughts from your mind will prevent you from constantly thinking about them.

9) Step outside

Being in the company of plants, trees, flowers, birds, and other natural elements can be mentally soothing. Sit on your front porch or take a stroll around the block. Taking pauses and spending time outside when the weather warms will get simpler.

10) Lead without fear

Prioritizing fear can be confusing. It permits us to act impulsively and inappropriately in ways we otherwise would not be able to. Positive leadership can be achieved by practicing mindfulness, deep breathing, and other strategies.

What causes high cortisol levels?

Cortisol levels can rise in response to stress and some underlying medical disorders. Excessive cortisol levels can result in symptoms, such as exhaustion, acne, and weight gain. Everybody occasionally has elevated cortisol, and levels change throughout the day. It’s your body’s typical reaction to danger or dangers to your health.

Overproduction of cortisol by the body is usually a sign of an underlying medical condition. Physicians may refer to elevated cortisol levels as hypercortisolism or Cushing syndrome.  Numerous symptoms might arise from high cortisol levels across the body. Depending on what is raising your cortisol levels, your symptoms may differ.

Some factors cause high cortisol levels-

1) Stress:

Stress sets off a series of messages from the body’s nerves and hormones. Your adrenal glands release cortisol and adrenaline in response to these signals. The fight-or-flight reaction causes an increase in energy and heart rate. It is your body’s preparation for possibly hazardous or detrimental circumstances.

Limiting functions that are not necessary in a fight-or-flight scenario is another way cortisol works. Your hormones and body systems recover to normal levels once the threat has passed.

2) Adrenal Gland Issues

Each kidney is situated above the adrenal glands. Adrenal gland tumors vary in size and can be either malignant (cancerous) or benign (noncancerous). High quantities of hormones, including cortisol, can be secreted by either kind.


You may also have pain or fullness in your belly if the tumor is big enough to influence neighboring organs.

3) Pituitary Gland Issues

Your brain’s base is home to the pituitary gland. It is also called the “master gland” since it releases hormones that monitor and assist in controlling numerous bodily activities.

Pituitary gland problems can result in either an overproduction or underproduction of hormones, such as ACTH, which causes the adrenal glands to release more cortisol.

Symptoms of low cortisol levels in females

While individuals with severe pituitary disorders or traumas are typically the ones with dangerously low cortisol levels, other causes of moderately low levels can still have a detrimental effect on the body. 

In addition to being a necessary hormone linked to blood pressure, blood sugar, and sleep cycles, cortisol controls our energy levels. Cortisol triggers our bodies’ fight-or-flight reaction, which is how our bodies are programmed to react to dangerous circumstances. In addition to providing a surge of powerful energy and sharpened perceptions, this was crucial to the survival of our species. 

Hormones significantly impact many aspects of a woman’s life, including her health, happiness, and psychological state, as most women will confirm. Thus, symptoms of an imbalance in hormones, like low cortisol, can be exceptionally bothersome for women. Low cortisol levels can induce a range of symptoms in women, regardless of whether they are in menopause, a phase of hormonal upheaval, or are of childbearing age, when monthly cycles can continuously modify hormone levels. These symptoms include:

  • Sleep disturbance
  • Low libido
  • fresh allergies
  • Constantly feeling cold.
  • Unexpected weight increase.

Conclusion ( Symptoms of High Cortisol Levels in Females )

Everybody’s body needs cortisol, which is helpful for many aspects of daily living. Cortisol can be the main hormone to regulate stress and provide energy for various functions. When the stress is manageable, stress can give benefits, but under excessive stress conditions, adrenal glands get exhausted. To combat this situation, it is necessary to maintain a healthy hormonal balance. 

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Can high cortisol cause hair loss in females?

Under extreme stress situations, more cortisol is released into the body. This hormone gets dysregulated in this situation and interferes with the communication between hair follicles.

2. What is the treatment for high cortisol?

Methyrapone (Metopirone), levoketoconazole (Recorlev), mitotane (Lysodren), osilodrostat (Isturisa), and ketoconazole are medications that regulate the adrenal gland’s ability to produce cortisol. For those with Cushing syndrome who also have type 2 diabetes or elevated blood sugar, metformin (Korlym, Mifeprex) is authorized.

4. What are the supplements to reduce cortisol?

Your heart, energy, hormones, and immune system will all benefit significantly from omega-3. Eight weeks of omega-3 supplementation may lower morning cortisol levels and alleviate emotional tiredness symptoms. Although fish oil supplements frequently contain omega-3, they may also have omega-6.

5. What are the symptoms of high cortisol levels in female treatment?

There are both treatment options available for high cortisol levels. Some natural techniques like sleeping on time, destressing yourself, keep your hormones balanced are natural ways to take care of cortisol levels. Another option is the medication to reduce high cortisol levels by an authorized physician.